Short History of Industrialization: A Cinematographic Approach


  • Hasan Yüksel Cankiri Karatekin University, School of Economics and Administrative Sciences Department of Labor Economics and Industrial RelationsCANKIRI/TURKIYE



Industrialization, Industrial Relations, Cinema, Stages of Industrialization, Labor Studies


The ultimate purpose of this study is to scrutinize industrialization via movies in a thematic ways. Actually, industrialization, which occurs at the end of the 18th and the outbreak of the 19th century, is the process of mechanization of production and the rationalization of policy as a whole. It is economically the onset of mechanization, commercialization or fabrication of goods in a massive way and the utilization of logic on a political basis. Without logic or ration, it is quite impossible that there will be no transformation like this. At the same time, it is the direct outbreak of capital accumulation. There are a great many factors for its emergence to be debated; however, there is a green reality that this is not a linear process. In the stark contrast, it is eclectical as well as progressive. History also whispers us that this innovative stage ranging from Industry 1.0 to Industry 4.0 converts into a development culture, which has been dominated by the West since Renaissance and Reform. Comprehending the reasons for the formation of this innovative culture is of great significance for all of us. In this study, our main objective is to read these spheres of improvement on the basis of four movies for four stages. Industry 1.0, associated with steam power is represented by Oliver Twist (2005); Industry 2.0 is related to Modern Times (1936), as for Industry 3.0, it is based upon A Beautiful Mind (2001) while Industry 4.0 is overviewed with Replicas (2018).

Author Biography

Hasan Yüksel, Cankiri Karatekin University, School of Economics and Administrative Sciences Department of Labor Economics and Industrial RelationsCANKIRI/TURKIYE

BA: Karadeniz Technical Uni. Western Languages and Literature, English Language and Literature (2009)

MA: Süleyman Demirel Uni. Turkey; Labor Economics and Industrial Relations (2011)

PhD: Süleyman Demirel Uni. Turkey; Labor Economics and Industrial Relations (2014)


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How to Cite

Yüksel, H. (2023). Short History of Industrialization: A Cinematographic Approach. CINEJ Cinema Journal, 11(2), 333–388.