The Study of Rubaiyat attributed to Khayyam in Movies
Keywords:Khayyam, Rubaiyat, Transiency, Death, Carpe Diem, Heaven and hell, Determinism, Feature movies
Among the literati and men of culture of Iran, it is not exaggerated to call Khayyam one of the vaguest figures. One might recognize him certainly and resolutely through his philosophical and scientific works; however, it was his Rubaiyat attributed to him which created many arguments. This paper studies Hakim Omar Khayyam’s Rubaiyat in English and Persian language feature and non-biographical movies; hence, biographical movies depicting factual or imaginary life of Khayyam or any serials, TV productions, documentaries, non- English, non- Persian movies are not included. The aim is to expound any relationships between the film and Rubaiyat; therefore, according to the type of the applied quatrain, movie genre, plot, some categories are propounded to classify the movies in which Khayyam’s quatrains are quoted such as Transiency-Death, Transiency-Carpe Diem, Heaven and Hell, and Determinism. Indeed, these categories can be applied to the theme of the movies or a single scene in which the stanza is quoted.
Aminrazavi, M. (2013). The wine of wisdom: the life, poetry and philosophy of Omar Khayyam. New York: Simon and Schuster.
Blakesley, D. (2003). The terministic screen: Rhetorical perspectives on film. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press.
Bloom, H. (Ed.). (2004). Edward FitzGerald's The Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam. Chelsea House Publishers.
Boscaljon, D. (Ed.). (2015). Hope and the longing for utopia: Futures and illusions in theology and narrative. Cambridge: James Clark & Co.
Cardullo, B. (2002). Still Life. The Hudson Review, 55(2), 277-285.
Carus, P. (2012). Open Court Volume 27. Rarebooksclub Com.
Drost, F. K. (2017). Unaffected by Time? The Representation of Dorian Gray in Screen Adaptations. Unpublished Master's thesis. Utrecht: Utrecht University.
Elena, A. (2005). The Cinema of Abbas Kiarostami. Saqi.
Forougi, M.A. and G. Ghani (1993). Hakim Omar Khayyam’s Rubaiyat. Farzan.
Forrest, B (2019). The Rubaiyat - Index to the Archive, www.bobforrestweb.co.uk/The_Rubaiyat/index_of_the_rubaiyat_archive.htm. Accessed 20 Dec.
Haghighat, M. (2009). “Interview with Mohsen MAKHMALBAF on the film THE SILENCE” translated by Carlos. virose.pt. 01 May 2009. Accessed 24 Dec 2019.
Hollander, J. (1998). Paradise Enow. The Yale Review, 86(3), 128-139.
Homaei, J. (1988) Khayyam Rubaiyat: Tarabkhane, Yar Ahmad Rashidi’s edition. Second edition, Homa: Tehran.
Jennings, K. (2009). Home truths: revisiting Wake in fright. Monthly, The, (July 2009), 36-49.
www.themonthly.com.au/issue/2009/july/1342411267/kate-jennings/home-truths. Accessed 26 Dec 2019.
Johnston, I. (206) The Silence. Not Coming to a Theater Near You, 6 Feb. www.notcoming.com/reviews/silence_sokout/. Accessed 7 Jan 2020.
Lanzoni, R. F. (2002). French cinema: from its beginnings to the present. New York: Continuum.
Rosen, E. K. (2008). Apocalyptic transformation: Apocalypse and the postmodern imagination. Lanham, MD: Lexington Books.
Wilde, O. (2006). The picture of dorian gray. New York: Oxford University Press.
Yates, C. (2007). Masculine jealousy and contemporary cinema. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- The Author retains copyright in the Work, where the term “Work” shall include all digital objects that may result in subsequent electronic publication or distribution.
- Upon acceptance of the Work, the author shall grant to the Publisher the right of first publication of the Work.
- The Author shall grant to the Publisher and its agents the nonexclusive perpetual right and license to publish, archive, and make accessible the Work in whole or in part in all forms of media now or hereafter known under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License or its equivalent, which, for the avoidance of doubt, allows others to copy, distribute, and transmit the Work under the following conditions:
- Attribution—other users must attribute the Work in the manner specified by the author as indicated on the journal Web site;
- The Author is able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the nonexclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the Work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), as long as there is provided in the document an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post online a prepublication manuscript (but not the Publisher’s final formatted PDF version of the Work) in institutional repositories or on their Websites prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work. Any such posting made before acceptance and publication of the Work shall be updated upon publication to include a reference to the Publisher-assigned DOI (Digital Object Identifier) and a link to the online abstract for the final published Work in the Journal.
- Upon Publisher’s request, the Author agrees to furnish promptly to Publisher, at the Author’s own expense, written evidence of the permissions, licenses, and consents for use of third-party material included within the Work, except as determined by Publisher to be covered by the principles of Fair Use.
- The Author represents and warrants that:
- the Work is the Author’s original work;
- the Author has not transferred, and will not transfer, exclusive rights in the Work to any third party;
- the Work is not pending review or under consideration by another publisher;
- the Work has not previously been published;
- the Work contains no misrepresentation or infringement of the Work or property of other authors or third parties; and
- the Work contains no libel, invasion of privacy, or other unlawful matter.
- The Author agrees to indemnify and hold Publisher harmless from Author’s breach of the representations and warranties contained in Paragraph 6 above, as well as any claim or proceeding relating to Publisher’s use and publication of any content contained in the Work, including third-party content.
Revised 7/16/2018. Revision Description: Removed outdated link.