Bollywood in the Hollywood Era: Narratives of Ultra-nationalism, Terrorism and Violence
Keywords:Hollywood, Bollywood, Soviet movies, Ultra-nationalism, Masculinity, Violence, Identity
The study examines how some renowned Hollywood and Bollywood movies deal with geopolitical representations of empire and regional politics through the construction of discourses centered on the building of “empire” and “nation”. These movies reflect how government machineries evaluate the political situation and strategic policies of the country in managing geopolitical environments through the construction of security narratives, political rhetoric and geopolitical discourses. The narratives of specific Hollywood movies tend to explain contemporary geopolitics with an emphasis on America’s military power, strategy and world leadership while the genre of Bollywood movies reconnects the ideology of division through the establishment of geographies of ‘us’ and ‘them’ setting aside the so-called “secular face” of the state.
Athique, Adrian.2008. “A Line in the Sand: The India-Pakistan Border in the Films of J.P. Dutta,” South Asia: Journal of South Asian Studies, Vol. 31(3): p. 472-499
BHNN (Bollywood Hungama News Network).2012 [December 17]. “Pakistani film producers rally to ban Indian films”
Borooah, Vanik.2009. “Terrorist Incidents in India, 1998–2004: A Quantitative Analysis of Fatality Rates,” Terrorism and Political Violence, Vol. 21: p. 476–498
Cox, R.1981, “Social forces, states and world orders,” Millennium, Vol. 10: p. 123-126
Crampton, Andrew and Power, Marcus.2005. “Frames of reference on the geopolitical stage: Saving Private Ryan and the Second /Second Gulf War Intertext,” Geopolitics, Vol. 10(2): p. 244–265.
Dodds, Klaus.2005. Global Geopolitics, A Critical Introduction. Harlow: Pearson Education; p.77-78.
Global Terrorism Database (GTD): for details: https://www.start.umd.edu/gtd/
Hussain, Akmal.2005. “Bangladesh’s New Foreign Policy Direction in Southeast and East Asia: Perspective and Goals,” Journal of International Development and Cooperation, Vol. 12(1): p. 1-14.
Jackson, R.2007. “Introduction: The case for critical studies,” European Political Science, Vol. 6(3): p. 225-227.
Juluri, Vamsee.2008, “Our Violence, Their Violence: Exploring the Emotional and Relational Matrix of Terrorist Cinema,” In Anandam P. Kavoori and Aswin Punathambekar (eds.) Global Bollywood, New York University Press: p. 117-130.
Kavoori, Anandam and Punathambekar, Aswin.2008. “Introduction: Global Bollywood,” In Anandam Kavoori and Aswin Punathambekar (eds.) Global Bollywood, New York University Press.
Kumar, Raksha. 2012. “How Bollywood’s Views on Pakistan Evolved,” The New York Times (August 16).
Lacy, M.2003. “War, Cinema and moral anxiety,” Alternatives, Vol. 28: p.611-636.
Ó Tuathail, Gearóid.1994. “Displacing geopolitics: writing on the maps of global politics,” Environment and Planning D: Society and Space, Vol. 12: p. 525-46.
Power M and Crampton, Andrew.2007. “Reel geopolitics: Cinemato-graphing political space,” In Marcus Power and Andrew Crampton (eds.) Cinema and Popular Geo-Politics, Routledge: p. 6-7.
Punathambekar, Aswin and Kavoori, Anandam.2008: “Introduction,” In Aswin Punathambekar and Anandam Kavoori (eds.) Global Bollywood, New York University Press.
Short, J.1991. Imagined Country, London: Routledge.
Thussu, Daya Kishan.2008. “The Globalization of “Bollywood”: The Hype and Hope,” In Anandam P. Kavoori and Aswin Punathambekar (eds.) Global Bollywood, New York University Press: p. 97-116.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- The Author retains copyright in the Work, where the term “Work” shall include all digital objects that may result in subsequent electronic publication or distribution.
- Upon acceptance of the Work, the author shall grant to the Publisher the right of first publication of the Work.
- The Author shall grant to the Publisher and its agents the nonexclusive perpetual right and license to publish, archive, and make accessible the Work in whole or in part in all forms of media now or hereafter known under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License or its equivalent, which, for the avoidance of doubt, allows others to copy, distribute, and transmit the Work under the following conditions:
- Attribution—other users must attribute the Work in the manner specified by the author as indicated on the journal Web site;
- The Author is able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the nonexclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the Work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), as long as there is provided in the document an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post online a prepublication manuscript (but not the Publisher’s final formatted PDF version of the Work) in institutional repositories or on their Websites prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work. Any such posting made before acceptance and publication of the Work shall be updated upon publication to include a reference to the Publisher-assigned DOI (Digital Object Identifier) and a link to the online abstract for the final published Work in the Journal.
- Upon Publisher’s request, the Author agrees to furnish promptly to Publisher, at the Author’s own expense, written evidence of the permissions, licenses, and consents for use of third-party material included within the Work, except as determined by Publisher to be covered by the principles of Fair Use.
- The Author represents and warrants that:
- the Work is the Author’s original work;
- the Author has not transferred, and will not transfer, exclusive rights in the Work to any third party;
- the Work is not pending review or under consideration by another publisher;
- the Work has not previously been published;
- the Work contains no misrepresentation or infringement of the Work or property of other authors or third parties; and
- the Work contains no libel, invasion of privacy, or other unlawful matter.
- The Author agrees to indemnify and hold Publisher harmless from Author’s breach of the representations and warranties contained in Paragraph 6 above, as well as any claim or proceeding relating to Publisher’s use and publication of any content contained in the Work, including third-party content.
Revised 7/16/2018. Revision Description: Removed outdated link.