Technology and the Turkish Mind: Internet Animation as Counter Culture in Turkey


  • Murat Akser University of Ulster



Internet, animation, satire, AKP, globalization, media, Turkey, censorship


This paper is an attempt in interpreting the relationship between the adoption of new communications technologies such as the internet and how they are transformed and used in expression of a resisting cultural identity through content creation, namely internet flash animation in Turkey. The study discusses the Turkish adaptation of media of communication as social practice and as a means of social resistance and cultural expression. Its main focus is on internet use and especially around the use of humorous animated stories on the web.


Akser, Murat and Baybars-Hawks, Banu (2012) Media and Democracy in Turkey: Towards a Model of Neoliberal Media Autocracy. Middle East Journal of Culture and Communication, 5. pp. 302-321.

Akser, Murat. ‘The Revolution will be Hacktivated: Turkish Marxist Hacker Groups’ in Banu Akdenizli ed. Digital Transformations: Exploring Current Perspectives in Communication Studies. Lanham, MD: Lexington Books, 2015.

Derman, Deniz. “Information Technologies: The Turkish Case” in Deniz Derman and John Lotherington eds. Communications Revolution, Ankara: Med-Campus Project, 1996.

Ess, Charles and Fay Sudweeks eds. Culture, Technology, Communication: Towards an Intercultural Global Village, Albany: State University of New York Press, 2001.

Gauntlett, David ed. Web.Studies 2nd edition, London: Arnold, 2004.

Kandiyoti, Deniz and Ayse Saktanber eds. Fragments of Culture: The Everyday of Modern Turkey, London: IB Tauris, 2002.

Hugh Mackay and Tim O'Sullivan eds. The Media Reader: Continuity and Transformation, Sage, 1999.

Kaymas, Serhat Ahmet. Media Policy Paradigm Shift in Turkey: Rethinking Neo- Authoritarian Media Systems in the Age of Neo Liberalism. Acta Universitatis Danubius. Communicatio, Vol 5, No 1 (2011).

Keyder, Çağlar. “The Dilemma of Cultural Identity on the Margin of Europe” 16.1, Review, (1993), 19-33.

Koloğlu, Orhan (2004). The Printing Press and Journalism in the Ottoman State. Boğaziçi Journal 18(1–2): 27–33.

Mardin, Serif. Religion and Social Change, Albany: State University of New York Press, 1989.

Norton,William. Cultural Geography: Themes, Concepts, Analyses, Don Mills, ON: Oxford University Press, 2000.

Öncü, Ayse. (2004). The interaction of media and politics: The remaking of the Turkish media industry in the 1990s. Boğaziçi Journal, 18(1-2), 11-26.

Öncü, Ayse. (2012) Television and media. In: Heper, Metin and Sayarı, Sabri, (eds.) The Routledge Handbook of Modern Turkey. Routledge, London.

Robins, Kevin and Frank Webster. Times of the Technoculture: From the Information Society to the Virtual Life, London: Routledge, 1999.

Robins, Kevin. “Interrupting Identities: Turkey/Europe” in Stuart Hall and Paul de Gay eds. Questions of Cultural Identity, London: Sage, 1996.

Robins, Kevin and Asu Aksoy. “Peripheral Vision: Cultural Industries and Cultural Identities in Turkey”, 29, Environment and Planning A, (1997), 1937-1952.

Ross, Karen, Deniz Derman and Nevana Dakovic eds. Mediated Identities, Istanbul: Istanbul Bilgi University Press, 2001.

Smit, Christopher R. “Fascination: The Modern Allure of the Internet” in Gauntlett ed.

Turkan, I. (2012). Democratisation and New Media Dilemmas: a Case Study of Press Freedom in Turkey. Irish Studies in International Affairs, 23(1), 23-35.

Turkle, Sherry. Life on the Screen: Identity on the Age of the Internet, New York: Simon and Schuster, 1995.

Webster, Frank. Theories of the Information Society 4th edition, London: Routledge, 2014.

Wheeler, Deborah. “New technologies, Old Cultures: A Look at Women, Gender and the Internet in Kuwait” in Ess ed.

Winston, Brian. Media Technology and Society A History: From the Telegraph to the Internet, London: Routledge, 1998.




How to Cite

Akser, M. (2014). Technology and the Turkish Mind: Internet Animation as Counter Culture in Turkey. CINEJ Cinema Journal, 3(2), 192–217.