Cowboys and kings: The coming of age film in 1990s Irish cinema
Keywords:coming of age film, Irish cinema, Hollywood, teen, Celtic Tiger, 1990s
The article explores why in the 1990s many Irish filmmakers chose precisely a coming of age narrative to attempt to take the international box office by storm, and assesses some of the films that resulted from the attempt. First, it discusses the cultural roots and generic conventions of the Hollywood teen film, especially the rites of passage it has reified and its idealization of small-town, mid-century America. Second, it studies the economic and cultural reasons behind the (over)production of coming of age films in Ireland over the 1990s. Finally, we tackle how these films alternatively deviate from and rely on the conventions of the Hollywood coming of age film to meet investor demands and engage global audiences with Irish concerns.
Balló, Jordi and Pérez, Xavier. La semilla inmortal. Los argumentos universales en el cine. Barcelona: Anagrama, 1997.
Barton, Ruth. “The Ballykissangelization of Ireland”. Historical Journal of Film, Radio & Television 20.3 (2000): 413-426.
Campbell, Joseph. The Hero with a Thousand Faces. Novato, California: New World Library, 2008.
Doherty, Thomas. Teenagers and Teenpics. The Juvenilization of American Movies in the 1950s. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 2002.
Driscoll, Catherine. Teen Film. A Critical Introduction. Oxford and New York: Berg, 2011.
Fox, Levi. “Were Those the Days? Historical Coming of Age Films in American Culture”. Accessed November 28, 2014 (2002), http://xroads.virginia.edu/~UG02/fox/home.html
Genette, Gerard. Narrative Discourse. An Essay in Method. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1980.
Hopper, Keith. “Film Fleadh Irish Premieres”. Accessed November 17, 2014 (1996), http://www.iol.ie/~galfilm/filmwest/26khart.htm
McLoone, Martin. Irish Film. The Emergence of a Contemporary Cinema. London: British Film Institute, 2000.
Mules, Warwick. “Youth and Coming of Age. Australian Film and Culture”. Accessed November 8, 2009 (2001), http://www.ahs.cqu.edu.au/humanities/litculture/cult11011/pdf/Seminar9.pdf
Rains, Stephanie. The Irish-American in Popular Culture, 1945-2000. Dublin: Irish Academic Press, 2007.
Tannock, Stuart. “Nostalgia critique”. Cultural Studies 9.3 (1995): 453–64.
Wikipedia. “Bildungsroman”. Accessed December 20, 2014, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bildungsroman
How to Cite
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- The Author retains copyright in the Work, where the term “Work” shall include all digital objects that may result in subsequent electronic publication or distribution.
- Upon acceptance of the Work, the author shall grant to the Publisher the right of first publication of the Work.
- The Author shall grant to the Publisher and its agents the nonexclusive perpetual right and license to publish, archive, and make accessible the Work in whole or in part in all forms of media now or hereafter known under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License or its equivalent, which, for the avoidance of doubt, allows others to copy, distribute, and transmit the Work under the following conditions:
- Attribution—other users must attribute the Work in the manner specified by the author as indicated on the journal Web site;
- The Author is able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the nonexclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the Work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), as long as there is provided in the document an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post online a prepublication manuscript (but not the Publisher’s final formatted PDF version of the Work) in institutional repositories or on their Websites prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work. Any such posting made before acceptance and publication of the Work shall be updated upon publication to include a reference to the Publisher-assigned DOI (Digital Object Identifier) and a link to the online abstract for the final published Work in the Journal.
- Upon Publisher’s request, the Author agrees to furnish promptly to Publisher, at the Author’s own expense, written evidence of the permissions, licenses, and consents for use of third-party material included within the Work, except as determined by Publisher to be covered by the principles of Fair Use.
- The Author represents and warrants that:
- the Work is the Author’s original work;
- the Author has not transferred, and will not transfer, exclusive rights in the Work to any third party;
- the Work is not pending review or under consideration by another publisher;
- the Work has not previously been published;
- the Work contains no misrepresentation or infringement of the Work or property of other authors or third parties; and
- the Work contains no libel, invasion of privacy, or other unlawful matter.
- The Author agrees to indemnify and hold Publisher harmless from Author’s breach of the representations and warranties contained in Paragraph 6 above, as well as any claim or proceeding relating to Publisher’s use and publication of any content contained in the Work, including third-party content.
Revised 7/16/2018. Revision Description: Removed outdated link.